What is Melasma?
Dark, patchy pigmentation on the face is a medical condition called melasma. Melasma, often referred to as “the mask of pregnancy,” is a condition characterized by dark, discolored brown patches on the skin that typically appear on the face, particularly on the cheeks, forehead, bridge of the nose, and upper lip. While it can impact everyone, it is more commonly seen among women. These hyperpigmentation patches result from an overproduction of melanin which is the pigment responsible for skin, hair, and eye color.
While the exact cause of melasma isn’t fully understood, several factors are believed to contribute to its development. Hormonal changes, such as those during pregnancy, hormonal therapies, and birth control pills can all trigger melasma. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or tanning beds is also a significant risk factor. Additionally, genetic predisposition and certain skin types, particularly those with darker skin tones, are more prone to melasma.
Currently, there isn’t a cure for melasma, but there are treatments that can help manage and improve the condition. Melasma treatment can include topical creams, chemical peels, laser therapy, and microdermabrasion.