Dark patchy pigmentation on the face of women is a medical condition called melasma.
Melasma, often referred to as “the mask of pregnancy,” is a skin condition characterized by dark, discolored patches that typically appear on the face, particularly on the cheeks, forehead, bridge of the nose, and upper lip. These patches of hyperpigmentation are a result of an overproduction of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin, hair, and eye color.
While the exact cause of melasma isn’t fully understood, several factors are believed to contribute to its development. Hormonal changes, such as those during pregnancy, hormonal therapies, and birth control pills, can trigger melasma. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or tanning beds is also a significant risk factor. Additionally, genetic predisposition and certain skin types, particularly those with darker skin tones, are more prone to melasma.